MCRAE (FAMOUS), THOMAS CHIPMAN - Nevada County, Arkansas | THOMAS CHIPMAN MCRAE (FAMOUS) - Arkansas Gravestone Photos

Thomas Chipman MCRAE (FAMOUS)

De Ann (Prescott) Cemetery
Nevada County,
Arkansas

21 December 1851 – 02 June 1928

Arkansas House of Representatives
1877 – 1879

United States Congressman
December 7, 1885 – March 3, 1903

Governor of Arkansas
1921 – 1925

Thomas Chipman McRae was born in Mount Holly, Union County, Arkansas and attended private schools in Shady Grove, Columbia County, in Mount Holly, Union County, and in Falcon, Nevada County, Arkansas. Nearing the end of the Civil War he acted as a courier for the Confederate troops in southwestern Arkansas. He was an 1869 graduate of Soule Business School in New Orleans, Louisiana and 1872 graduate of Washington and Lee University law school in Lexington, Virginia. He was admitted to the bar in 1873 and established a law practice in Rosston, Nevada County, Arkansas. In December of 1874 he married Amelia Ann White and they had six daughters and three sons. His decision to enter politics led to his being elected the youngest ever member of the Arkansas legislature in 1876. He served until elected to the United States Congress for Arkansas’s Third District, a seat he held for 18 years. He was chairman of the House Committee on Public Lands. He developed populist leanings and supported increased taxes on big businesses and an income tax. He retired from Congress in 1903 and returned to his legal practice and business dealings. In 1905 he purchased and became president of the Bank of Prescott. He later served as head of the Arkansas Bankers Association and championed the creation of the Federal Reserve System. He also served as president of the Arkansas Bar Association in 1917. At the age of 68 he entered the 1920 gubernatorial race. The Republicans split along racial lines and ran two candidates and McRae received sixty-five percent of the vote. He was reelected two years later with seventy-five percent of the vote. The major problems during his administration were the poor condition of Arkansas highways and the education system. The highway system did improve, but remained bad through the administration of four more governors. He requested an income tax to fund the education system. The General Assembly disagreed and passed a tobacco tax to fund education. He did not seek reelection in 1924 and returned to Prescott and his legal and banking business. He died there at the age of seventy-eight.

Resources Consulted:
Ref:http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=M000597 (accessed 11/19/2008)
Ref:http://www.oldstatehouse.com/exhibits/virtual/governors/the_1920s_and_1930s/mcrae.asp (Accessed 11/19/2008)
Ref:http://www.encyclopediaofarkansas.net/encyclopedia/entry-detail.aspx?entryID=114 (Accessed 11/19/2008)
Ref:http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas_Chipman_McRae (Accessed 11/19/2008)

Contributed on 10/27/08 by tomtodd
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Record #: 87682

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Submitted: 10/27/08 • Approved: 11/21/08 • Last Updated: 8/14/12 • R87682-G0-S3

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