CRAFT (VETERAN 2 WARS, MOH), CLARENCE B - Washington County, Arkansas | CLARENCE B CRAFT (VETERAN 2 WARS, MOH) - Arkansas Gravestone Photos

Clarence B CRAFT (VETERAN 2 WARS, MOH)

Fayetteville National (Fayetteville) Cemetery
Washington County,
Arkansas

SPECIALIST FIRST CLASS US Army
World War II
Korea
September 23, 1921 - March 28, 2002
Congressional Medal of Honor

Section 17 Site 120

Clarence was born in San Bernardino, San Bernardino County, California on September 23, 1921. He joined the US Army in Santa Ana, California and by May 31, 1945 he was a Private First Class serving with Company G, 382nd Infantry, 96th Infantry Division on what is known as Hen Hill, Okinawa, Ryukyu Islands. His heroic action on that day was to result in his being awarded a Congressional Medal of Honor. His citation reads: “He was a rifleman when his platoon spearheaded an attack on Hen Hill, the tactical position on which the entire Naha-Shuri-Yonaburu line of Japanese defense on Okinawa, Ryukyu Islands, was hinged. For 12 days our forces had been stalled, and repeated, heavy assaults by 1 battalion and then another had been thrown back by the enemy with serious casualties. With 5 comrades, Pfc. Craft was dispatched in advance of Company G to feel out the enemy resistance. The group had proceeded only a short distance up the slope when rifle and machinegun fire, coupled with a terrific barrage of grenades, wounded 3 and pinned down the others. Against odds that appeared suicidal, Pfc. Craft launched a remarkable 1-man attack. He stood up in full view of the enemy and began shooting with deadly marksmanship wherever he saw a hostile movement. He steadily advanced up the hill, killing Japanese soldiers with rapid fire, driving others to cover in their strongly disposed trenches, unhesitatingly facing alone the strength that had previously beaten back attacks in battalion strength. He reached the crest of the hill, where he stood silhouetted against the sky while quickly throwing grenades at extremely short range into the enemy positions. His extraordinary assault lifted the pressure from his company for the moment, allowing members of his platoon to comply with his motions to advance and pass him more grenades. With a chain of his comrades supplying him while he stood atop the hill, he furiously hurled a total of 2 cases of grenades into a main trench and other positions on the reverse slope of Hen Hill, meanwhile directing the aim of his fellow soldiers who threw grenades from the slope below him. He left his position, where grenades from both sides were passing over his head and bursting on either slope, to attack the main enemy trench as confusion and panic seized the defenders. Straddling the excavation, he pumped rifle fire into the Japanese at pointblank range, killing many and causing the others to flee down the trench. Pursuing them, he came upon a heavy machinegun which was still creating havoc in the American ranks. With rifle fire and a grenade he wiped out this position. By this time the Japanese were in complete rout and American forces were swarming over the hill. Pfc. Craft continued down the central trench to the mouth of a cave where many of the enemy had taken cover. A satchel charge was brought to him, and he tossed it into the cave. It failed to explode. With great daring, the intrepid fighter retrieved the charge from the cave, relighted the fuse and threw it back, sealing up the Japs in a tomb. In the local action, against tremendously superior forces heavily armed with rifles, machineguns, mortars, and grenades, Pfc. Craft killed at least 25 of the enemy; but his contribution to the campaign on Okinawa was of much more far-reaching consequence for Hen Hill was the key to the entire defense line, which rapidly crumbled after his utterly fearless and heroic attack.” His award was presented to him six months later, on November 1, 1945. Craft continued in the Army and served in the Korean conflict as well. He ended his career as a Sergeant First Class and died at the age of 80 in Fayetteville, Arkansas.

References for the biography:
http://www.medalofhonor.com/ClarenceCraft.htm
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Clarence_B._Craft
http://distantcousin.com/Military/MedalofHonor/WWII/1/076.html
A special thanks to Iris Brown of Find a Grave for the use of her photo.

Contributed on 9/20/08 by tomtodd
Email This Contributor

Record #: 62442

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Submitted: 9/20/08 • Approved: 9/4/14 • Last Updated: 9/7/14 • R62442-G0-S3

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